ENFP 440: Smoke Management and Fire Alarm Systems

(Flame test photo by S. Nielson3 credits)


  • Fire Protection Fluid Mechanics (ENFP 300)


  • Klote, J.H.; Milke, J.A.; Turnbull, P.G.; Kashef, A.; Ferreira, M.J. Handbook of Smoke Control Engineering, Atlanta: ASHRAE, 2012.

Course Description

  • This course analyzes the hazards posed by smoke in buildings. Performance characteristics of smoke management systems. Review of analytical design aids. Functional analysis and design of fire detection and alerting systems. Examination and evaluation of code criteria, performance specifications and research.

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this course, the student should:

  • Review methods to assess the hazard of smoke in buildings
  • Review smoke management methods, including smoke control systems and smoke exhaust systems employing natural or mechanical methods.
  • Study current technologies associated with fire alarm and detection systems
  • Explore fundamental concepts of fire detection and alarm systems design
  • Review engineering tools to assess the performance of smoke management systems and fire detection and alarm systems.

Topics Covered

  • Problem of smoke, Design objectives, smoke management design approaches
  • Smoke movement forces: Buoyancy, gas expansion, wind, influence of building systems
  • Air movement analysis: Leakage and air movement paths in buildings, Network analysis/CONTAM
  • Stairwell pressurization systems and zoned smoke control systems: Means of pressurization, analysis of performance via hand computations and CONTAM
  • Smoke Management in Large Spaces: Mechanical venting, natural venting
  • Fire signatures, detection concepts and principles
  • Review of current technologies associated with fire detectors
  • Performance characteristics of heat, smoke and flame detection
  • Alarm system classifications, components, design criteria
  • Performance characteristics of alerting devices
  • Fire detection and alarm system evaluation