ENFP 413: Advanced Life Safety Analysis

(Flame test photo by S. Nielson3 credits)


Prerequisites

  • Introduction to Life Safety Analysis (ENFP250)

Textbooks

  • SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 4thEdition, P.J. DiNenno (ed.), Quincy: NFPA, 2008.
  • SFPE Engineering Guide to Predicting 1st and 2nd Degree Skin Burns

Course Description

  • This course teaches students how to use fractional effective dose (FED) methods for predicting time to incapacitation and death of fires for use in fire safety engineering calculations. Physiology and toxicology of fire effluent components, decomposition chemistry of common materials, standard experimental approaches. Predictive models of material production rates. People movement characteristics related to building evacuation. Formulation and application of evacuation models. Human behavior factors affecting response of people to fire situations.

Learning Outcomes

Upon completing this course, the student should:

  • Provide a review of the mechanisms whereby people are affected by exposure to toxic effluent and heat in fires, including toxicology of fire effluent components, common fire scenarios causing death and injury to building occupants, examination of individual incidents through fire investigation, trends in fire injury and death statistics, the decomposition chemistry or common materials, standard small and large scale experimental approaches and standards.
  • Review the derivation and application of fractional effective dose (FED) methods for predicting time to incapacitation and death in fires for use in fire safety engineering calculations.
  • Review the formulation and application of evacuation models.
  • Review trends in human behavior and factors which affect the behavior of people in fire situations.

Topics Covered

  • Characteristics of people movement
  • Evacuation time analysis
  • Evacuation models
  • Performance based design concepts
  • Human behavior
  • Physiological and toxicological effects of combustion products
  • Tenability analysis methods
  • Hazard calculations